Photography Editing Terms

What is Vignetting?

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Written By Jon Ross

As a budding photographer, I remember the first time I accidentally created a vignette in one of my photos. I was shooting a portrait with a new lens and was so focused on capturing the subject’s expression that I didn’t notice the darkening around the edges of the image until I reviewed it later.

That experience made me curious about vignetting and its purpose in photography.

What is vignetting, and how can it be used creatively to enhance your images?

This is a guide covering vignettes and vignetting in photography. Depending on the use case, vignetting can either be a pain in the butt or it can be a stylistic choice.

Either way, let’s learn more about it!

What is Vignetting in Photography?

A vignette is on a photograph when it has darkened edges. A vignette can make your photographs stand out and draw your audience’s eyes toward the center of the photograph.

There are several different types of vignettes such as optical, mechanical, pixel, and artificial. However, not all images look great with a vignette.

You can remove the vignettes from your photographs in post-processing or while processing them.

You just need to understand what type of vignetting you’re dealing with and adjust your equipment accordingly to remove the vignette during processing.

You can artificially add or even remove the vignette through editing software such as Lightroom.

Vignetting is an interesting phenomenon associated with photography and you should understand what it is, its causes and types, whether it’s effective or not, and how to avoid it in your photographs.

Vignetting is a term you’ll often hear if you do photography for a living or even as a hobby so you need to understand what it is.

For any photograph, vignetting can be sudden or slow, but this depends on what type of vignetting you’re dealing with and what caused it.

A vignette has multiple causes related to lens type or focal length, however, some photographers also intentionally use a vignette in their photographs to draw the viewers’ attention toward the center of the photograph like in a profile image.

What is Vignetting in Photography?
vignetting example

What Does Vignette Do to a Photo?

In most cases, a vignette gives a photograph a black or grey-black border around the edges or the corners of the photograph.

The border can appear gradual with shading around the borderline or abrupt with a concise and clear circle.

What a vignette does to a photo is to help to bring the viewer’s focus to the center of the image or at the central object in the photograph.

It helps to remove the lines or objects in the corners that might distract the eye from the center.

A subtle vignette is a great tool to subtly draw your viewer’s eye to the object near or around the center of the image without cutting off or blackening the corners as a hard vignette does.

Vignettes are often used to add a retro or vintage look to photographs.

This is because old cameras produced pictures with a vignette because of the quality of the machinery and other factors. Hence, retro is often associated with vignetting.

What Causes Vignetting?

A vignette can form due to the equipment used such as the lens, lens hoods, filters, and even the focal length of the camera.

If your camera is set to a short focal length, there is a greater chance of a vignette forming.

A vignette can be caused by the lens type your camera contains e.g, Telephoto produces a large and sharp vignette so lens type matters.

It can also be a result of wrong camera settings or too many filters on top of your camera lens.

Here are all the factors that cause vignetting:

1. Lens Design

The design of the camera lens itself can cause vignetting.

Some lenses may not distribute light evenly across the entire image sensor or film plane, resulting in darker corners and edges.

2. Lens Aperture

Vignetting can be more pronounced when using wide apertures (e.g., f/1.4, f/2.8) because the outer portions of the lens may not transmit light as effectively as the center.

Narrower apertures (e.g., f/8, f/16) often reduce or eliminate vignetting.

3. Lens Attachments and Filters

The use of certain attachments, such as lens hoods, lens caps, or stacked filters, can intrude into the lens’s field of view, blocking some light and causing vignetting.

4. Sensor Size and Crop Factor

Cameras with smaller sensors (like crop sensor or Micro Four Thirds cameras) may experience more noticeable vignetting when using lenses designed for larger full-frame sensors because the lens’s image circle may not fully cover the smaller sensor.

5. Physical Obstructions

Anything physically obstructing the front of the lens, such as a lens hood, your hand, or even a poorly positioned lens cap, can cast a shadow on the image sensor, leading to vignetting.

6. Post-Processing

In some cases, photographers intentionally add vignetting during post-processing to draw attention to the center of the frame or create a specific mood.

7. Lens Characteristics

Some lenses are intentionally designed with vignetting to create artistic effects, such as the “swirly” bokeh of certain vintage lenses.

What causes vignetting
vignetting on corners

Types of Vignetting

There are several types of vignettes and some can be due to the equipment you use or you can purposefully add a vignette to your photograph with Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom and other editing software.

1. Optical Vignetting

Also known as lens vignette, this type of vignetting is related to the lens aperture size and the number of elements that the lens has.

In large-aperture lenses, the light doesn’t reach the corners of the sensor because the lens barrel ends up stopping the light from entering the lens.

Moreover, with more elements, the light intensity gets reduced by the time it reaches the sensor, like in a rectangular sensor, and this will lead to darkened corners and a vivid center in your photographs.

With different lenses, you’ll get a different degree of vignetting, but the best lenses to use for a subtle vignette are Prime and ultra-wide-angle lenses.

2. Mechanical Vignetting

Mechanical vignetting is also called accessory vignetting. It’s caused due to using filters, filter stacks, and other such accessories.

In smaller aperture cameras, mechanical vignettes can be prominent in an upsetting way.

Wide-angle camera lenses often have a lens hood. This lens hood is there to prevent ghosting and flares in your images.

To an extent, these lens hoods can cause vignetting but only if you’re using a third-party lens hood instead of the camera’s original lens hood.

lens hood
lens hood

Original lens hoods are specifically designed for that particular camera lens so they don’t lead to vignettes in pictures.

Camera lenses are designed with some slack to allow photographers to mount filter hoods onto the camera and these filters help to add a vignette to your images.

If you want a vignette in your pictures, you can rent and test out a couple of filter hoods and filter combinations and see if they offer what you want.

3. Pixel Vignetting

Also called digital vignetting, the pixel vignette is a result of the design of digital cameras.

They have a flat, rectangular sensor and a curved lens. The light hits the sensor’s pixel in the center at 90-degree angles and the corners or edges at slanting angles.

As a result, the image has darkened corners.

A pixel vignette can’t be removed or reduced by increasing the focal length of the lens (decreasing the aperture size).

This is because this vignette is a result of the angles at which light enters the camera lens.

4. Artificial Vignetting

In some types of photographs, the effect of vignetting can appear pleasing to the eye and can act as an invisible guide to lead the viewers across the image or where you want them to look.

To get a vignette in photographs, photographers often leave the vignette during processing without removing it afterward.

You can intentionally create a vignette by using a combination of filters or other effects.

You can adjust the camera lens setting and test out a couple of filters to find the desired vignette effect that you want if you want to have a vignette instantly added when you snap a shot.

Otherwise, you can use editing tools to add a vignette.

To learn how to create a vignette in Photoshop, check out this video:

How to Fix Vignetting?

While subtle vignetting can make your photographs pop, a vignette might not suit all photographs. To make them pleasing to the eye, you can remove or altogether avoid them.

Vignetting can be corrected or reduced using various methods, both in-camera and during post-processing. Here’s how to fix or reduce vignetting:

In-Camera Solutions:

  1. Change Aperture: Vignetting is often more pronounced at wider apertures. Try using a narrower aperture (higher f-number, like f/8 or f/11) to reduce the effect.
  2. Remove Filters: If you’re using multiple filters stacked on your lens, removing some of them or using a thinner filter can help reduce vignetting.
  3. Lens Hood: Ensure that you’re using the appropriate lens hood for your lens. A properly designed lens hood can reduce stray light entering the lens and causing vignetting.
  4. Zoom or Prime Lens: If you’re using a zoom lens, sometimes vignetting is more pronounced at the extreme ends of the zoom range. Adjusting the zoom can mitigate the effect. Prime lenses may have less vignetting compared to zoom lenses.
  5. Crop Mode: Some cameras offer a crop mode (often called “DX” mode for Nikon or “APS-C” mode for Canon) that reduces the image area used by the sensor. This can effectively crop out the vignetting, but it also reduces the image resolution.

Post-Processing Solutions:

  1. Lens Profile Corrections: Many post-processing software tools like Adobe Lightroom and Adobe Photoshop have built-in lens profile corrections. These tools can automatically detect the lens used and apply corrections for distortion, chromatic aberration, and vignetting.
  2. Manual Corrections: If your software doesn’t have automatic lens profile corrections, you can manually correct vignetting by using tools like the Graduated Filter or the Radial Filter in Adobe Lightroom or similar tools in other software. These tools allow you to selectively brighten the corners and edges of the image.
  3. Vignette Correction Filters: Some image editing software has dedicated vignette correction filters that can reduce or eliminate vignetting. These filters often allow you to adjust the strength and shape of the correction.
  4. Clone and Heal Tools: In some cases, you can use clone and heal tools to manually correct vignetting by copying and pasting areas of the image with even lighting to the corners and edges.
  5. Exposure Adjustment: In some situations, simply brightening the entire image slightly can help reduce the visibility of vignetting.

Is Vignetting Good or Bad?

Vignetting can be good or bad depending on what type of picture you want and the subject of your image.

Photographs with an object in the center e.g, in a profile picture or other types of images, don’t suffer much from vignettes because it makes the viewers focus more on the center of the photograph and that is what the photographer wanted in the first place.

vignette portrait example

However, for landscape photographs or architectural images, where you want the viewers to see the entire picture and all its components, a vignette will render the edges black and cut off the whole image that the photograph was supposed to represent.

While a subtle vignette is a great way to lead your viewer’s eye across the photo, not all photos need a vignette.

Most photos will look great with just light editing, etc so always plan out and decide if the picture looks great with a vignette or without it.

One good way to check is to compare the original photo and the photo with a vignette.

You can choose to leave the vignettes in your photographs depending on what type of picture it is and whether the vignette suits it or not.

If you don’t want a vignette, you can engineer your camera’s equipment to remove it or use editing software to remove it or crop it out from the image.

Vignetting is a helpful phenomenon when used right but can make a professional look like a rookie in the eyes of your audience.

It’s best to be vigilant with vignettes and choose carefully whether your photograph needs a vignette or not.

What causes vignetting in photos?

Vignetting is caused by the reduction of light towards the corners of a lens, resulting in darkening around the edges of an image. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including lens design, filters, and shooting at wider apertures.

How do you fix camera vignetting?

To fix camera vignetting, you can use post-processing software like Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop to correct it. This can be done by adjusting the vignette slider or by using the lens correction tool to remove the effect.

Is vignetting the same as lens shading?

Vignetting and lens shading are similar but not exactly the same. Vignetting refers to the darkening around the corners of an image, while lens shading refers to a gradual decrease in brightness from the center to the edges of an image.