In this guide, we’ll be diving into Assemblage in Sculpture and its Definition, Tips, & Examples.
Let’s dive in.
What is Assemblage?
Assemblage or construction is an old process. An assemblage is an art form in which different objects are generally found, but not just simple-looking objects are collected and assembled together.
It started nearly 100 years ago when Picasso made the first construction of this type.
In 1961, the key exhibition of this form of artistic art was exhibited at the Modern Art Museum of New York and was titled “The Art of Assemblage.”
This exhibition established this form of art as a global phenomenon and praised many well-known artists like Picasso, Georges Braque, Marcel Duchamp, and Jean Dubuffet.
Assembling in Sculpture
“Assemblage is done by using different everyday materials which are put together by artists to make a new and combined form out of it.”
“Assemblage is type of sculpture in which different objects that are found are comprised together in such a way they can form into a new shape and form.
The objects can be natural and artificial. Stones, woods, paper, and metal objects are included in it.
The objects can be anything. It’s just a matter of an artist’s eye. If he finds something suitable then he can use it no matter what type of object is that.
What does Assembling mean in art?
Assembling is an important part of sculpture. It is a method in which materials of different kinds are put together to make a final composition.
Assembled Sculptures are always three-dimensional, and materials like paper, wood, and metal objects are used in them.
Why is Assembling important in Sculpture?
Assembling is Sculpture has many benefits and importance.
Assemblage gives a new look to already present materials. The broken or unworthy materials are combined to give them an artistic and new look.
The Assemblage provides old and ready mate materials with new kinds of modifications.
It modifies the already presented and gives it a new look. Assemblage increases physical interactions.
It demands more interaction of the viewer other than just visual experience.
Because it often incorporates artifacts and non-art objects, many Assemblage arts aim to challenge the original.
And original ideas that are most important to the artist’s traditional ideas.
In choosing items instead of handmade, the Assemblage artist overturns the artist’s traditional view as a creator.
More so, because the art of Assemblage is often a feature of traditional art forms, which can be considered an “artist,” has grown significantly in decades, including untrained and self-taught artists who are not in the majority.
Assemblage is to put different objects together, and construction means building a new and composed form out of it.
Artists do two things while making a new sculpture.
The first one is to find the objects and materials needed and put them together, and the second one is to turn them into new forms.
So, Putting different kinds of shapes together is Assemblage while making new shapes and forms from these objects is known as construction.
So, these two methods are put together to make a final good quality sculpture for the viewers.
There are four basic techniques of Sculptures:
1: Casting: The sculptures are made of molten material – usually metal – and then applied to the skin. The mold is allowed to cool, thus strengthening the metal, usually copper. Streaming is an add-on process.
2: Modeling: Sculptures are made when a soft or moldy structure (such as clay) is formed (sometimes over a weapon) and is built to form a form. Modeling, add-on process.
3: Carving: It is a process in which a bigger material like stone or wood or anything is carved until it gets into the required shape. It deals with the removal of material until it reaches the best-refined shape.
4: Assemblage: This process involves gathering different objects and materials and then combining them into a single and refined form.
The materials can be of any kind, but all they need is to give them an artistic look to make them soothing for the eyes.
Popular Assemblage Sculpture Artists
Marcel Duchamp: Marcel Duchamp created Sculpture from mundane objects, and it led to Assemblage arts. He made a bicycle wheel out of steel and made it stand on the four-leg stool in the year 1913.
Raul Housemann: He took objects like a watch mechanism, ruler, tin cup, and tape measure, attached them to the wooden head, and made a great Sculpture in 1920.
Meret Oppenheim: Her revolutionary designs by Elsa Schiaparelli have provoked endless imitation and extermination, from Tokyo Kumagai’s edible shoes to Lady Gage’s Meat Dress. She also promoted many works by women artists in the 1960s and 70s.
There are many more artists that provide great services in assemblage sculpture.
Assemblage sculpture has revolutionized the field of sculpture, and it provided new depths to the already vast field of sculpting.
It is important because it makes old objects to make them more worthy and increases their value.